Electromobility is considered an important pillar for the solution of future mobility challenges. However, Germany is still struggling with the subject of electric cars. Things are very different in Norway. In the Scandinavian country last year, 49 percent of new registrations were electric cars. In other words, almost every second newly registered vehicle was operated electrically or as a hybrid. The success of electromobility in Norway can be pinpointed for specific reasons.
Electric mobility is booming in Norway
In 2018, 45,000 people applied for the environmental bonus for electric cars in Germany. In the same period about 46,000 electric cars were sold in Norway. These numbers seem very similar at first glance – until you realize that Germany has more than 80 million inhabitants, while Norway has about 5 million people. German manufacturers are also benefiting from this boom: The most popular e-car manufacturer in Norway is VW, the VW e-Golf is extremely popular.
One reason for the success of electric cars in Norway is the state subsidies. Who buys in Norway an electric car, which must be almost completely tax-exempted – it falls with the purchase neither the usual with the purchase of a Diesel or gasoline tax, which can be up to 10,000 euro, still the value added tax. Electric cars are also exempt from the car tax. In Norway, the opinion is that it should always be cheaper to buy and operate an alternative fuel vehicle than a normal car. The fees for tolls, ferries or even for parking are significantly cheaper in Norway for electric cars. Combined with the fact that the average income in Norway is relatively high, this ensures that citizens can easily afford electric vehicles – and often prefer them to conventionally powered vehicles.
Another reason for the proliferation of electric cars in Norway is the excellent infrastructure. There is a purpose-built state-owned company called Enova that organizes the expansion and maintenance of the charging station network. On the main roads of the country is on average every 25 kilometers a fast-charging station – these are values that we can only dream of in Germany.
Delivery Problems with Electric Cars
The electric car boom in Norway has since grown so much that there are clear delivery problems. If a Norwegian wants to buy a new electric car, he has to wait about a year. Manufacturers are increasingly switching production to electric cars to meet demand. The most popular alternative-drive models are the Nissan Leaf, the Volkswagen e-Golf and the BMW i3.
The electric car lobby in Norway even calls for a ban on new cars with internal combustion engines from 2025 onwards. A plan that is well supported by the government and very ambitious. Until then, significantly more charging stations will be needed anyway.
The Norwegian electric car boom can not be transferred one to one to Germany. Nevertheless, we can look farewell to the country in the north when it comes to creating motivation to buy power-driven vehicles.